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  • Park K., Jun, Y., Son, T., Cho, Y., Jeon, N., Kim, W., Kim, H. (2019). Optimal diameter reduction ratio of acinar airways in human lungs, PLoS ONE, 14(1):e0204191 [PDF]

  • Weibel, E. R. (2009). What makes a good lung. Swiss Med Wkly, 139(27-28), 375-386. [PDF]

  • Horsfield, K., & Cumming, G. (1968). Morphology of the bronchial tree in man. Journal of Applied Physiology, 24(3), 373-383. [PDF]

  • Haefeli‐Bleuer, B., & Weibel, E. R. (1988). Morphometry of the human pulmonary acinus. The Anatomical Record, 220(4), 401-414.

  • Anatomy of Lungs [PDF]


  • Introduction to Respiratory System [PDF]


Fig. 1 The CBBL Whole-Lung Model and Virtual Human System

Fig. 2 CBBL Idealized Upper Airway Configuration Depository

Fig. 3 Subject-specific tracheobronchial trees

Fig. 4 Human Respiratory System Structure (Ref: Kleinstreuer, C., Zhang, Z., & Donohue, J. F. (2008). Targeted drug-aerosol delivery in the human respiratory system. Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng., 10, 195-220.)

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